Operation You-Turn

In 2005, the City of Newburgh and Hoops Express implemented Operation You-Turn, modeled after Boston’s Ceasefire project, offering young adults an alternative to open-air drug dealing. “Life Coaching” by community members acting as positive role models was a critical component to the programs success.

The best way to understand the Operation You-Turn program is to read the press coverage it received in the Times Herald Record below:

Newburgh Intervention Project Targets Dealers

The kid from Long Island had no real reason to be selling crack on Lander Street In Newburgh. Unlike most of his cornermates, he had a high school diploma, a security guard license, an art school diploma and was a trained auto mechanic. He had options.

And yet there he was: one of 14 men videotaped by police selling rock last year. He and the others saw the home movies with District Attorney Frank Phillips, and Chief of Police Eric Paolilli, one night last September after being mysteriously summoned to City Hall.

“I was scared,” he said. “It was really shocking.”

A year later, the 24-year-old, who asked that his name not be used, has held up his end of the bargain the cops made with him: Get out of the drug game, and we won’t throw you in jail.

The police called it Operation Cease Fire, a local version of the community interventions performed in other cities. Critics around the nation have called it “Hug-A-Thug.”

Not all of the 14 dealers selected for the local program made it. A few didn’t answer the call to hear the deal that night last November. Three have been re-arrested for new drug charges.

For the others, the last year has been a bit like probation without the conviction: meetings with advisers, studying for GED tests, looking for work.

But a funny thing has happened. Word has spread through Newburgh’s drug scene that this new program is different.

By its first anniversary, 25 other people — some dealers, some just street-scene burnouts — have volunteered for the program.

“We’re street-savvy, that’s the thing,” said George Frazier, 48, the executive director of Hoops Express, which oversaw the new program. Participants in the program, now called Operation U-Turn, were paired with a half-dozen life coaches. “Our guys have personal stories, street stories. You can’t play games with us.”

U-Turn is a program born out of frustration.

Modeled after similar programs in Boston and elsewhere, the idea is to get fringe players in the drug trade to switch life tracks before they are swallowed up in the cycle of arrest, incarceration and an inevitable return to the same streets.

Orange County DA Phillips, who’s earned a reputation as anything but soft on drug dealers, said when announcing the program last year that he got behind it out of a sense of futility with the status quo.

“Eighteen years ago when I came to the DA’s office, drug dealing was a major problem,” he said at the time. “Eighteen years later it still is.”

Newburgh police, who investigated drug dealers on Fist and Lander streets — recording drug transactions, videotaping buys, identifying players — also agreed to set the cases aside.

“The more cops we put on the street, over the years, the more arrests we make. You would think we’d run out of offenders at some point,” said Deputy Chief Arnold Amthor. “But we don’t.”

But what started as an experiment with Newburgh drug dealers has morphed.

Tyvanna Lennon, 23, asked to join the program about seven months ago. U-Turn had helped her cousin — one of the original suspected dealers rounded up, and the only female — get her chaotic life on track.

At 23, Lennon is like many U-Turn participants: tired of the drama of the street life that was once addictive.

The twice-weekly group meetings, where participants hash out the problems of finding apartments, day care and jobs, sound simple.

But for Lennon, and others interviewed, they have been revelatory.

“When I first came, I wasn’t talking. I’m a loner. I like being by myself,” said Lennon. “My life was a secret.”

Lennon has decided Chamber Street is no longer for her: She’s moved out of the city and is taking computer classes.

As for the 24-year-old kid from Long Island, he’s currently going to SUNY Orange, taking business classes.

John Doherty is a reporter for the Times Herald-Record. Reach him at jdoherty@th-record.com.
Original article published here.